Publicly disclosing personal information about a target, such as home address, familial status, bank and credit card details, date of birth etc. This information can be posted on one or many different platforms, in comment sections, or via video or text.
Regardless whether or not disclosed data is utilised for harassment, the unauthorized posting of data alone, qualifies as doxxing, and is viewed as a type of online attack. As is often the case, when doxxing creates an imminent danger to safety, art. 138 of the Criminal Code - Endangering safety - could provide legal protection. In this case, public prosecutors and police are mandated to follow up, investigate and responsible for protection. As the filing party, you are responsible for collecting evidence needed for filing the criminal charges. This charge provides stricter sanctions if the target is a (female) journalist.
ADVICE: Explain in detail how, why and when you feel unsafe, and detail your concern for the safety of your family and loved ones. These details could be the key to success when it comes to court proceedings.
Art. 146 of the Criminal Code, Unauthorised Collection of Personal Data, which prohibits the collection, publication and use of data for purposes “other than those for which they are intended”, could provide the basis for legal protection.
Document every instance and location in which your personal data was posted, and file this evidence with the police.
Immediately report doxxing and any other unauthorised publication of personal data to the websites or platforms where it was posted, and to the police.
Follow-up on your report to better ensure they respond. Immediate action is key to prevent further distribution of your personal information online.
Turn off location tracking options on your phone, Google maps, and other applications that collect your sensitive data (location, key address, etc).
Put strict privacy controls on your social media profiles, and two-step authentication systems for all website logins storing your sensitive data.
Talk to the people you trust - colleagues, friends, employers. Urge the police to alert the platform to remove your personal data, and use website and platform reporting mechanisms.
Deleteme is a tool that can help find and remove sensitive data online.
If you ever feel that the online violence you’re experiencing, might transition into the physical world, call the police → immediately.
Report to platform